Slave Captives at Ruddell's and Martin's Forts

Several slaves were captured at Ruddell's and Martin's Stations, but only a few of their names have been preserved. The Mahan family had several slaves captured and the Dunkin family had about ten to twelve slaves captured.

SELAH Slave of James Trabue who accompanied him to Ruddell's Station the day before it was captured. Selah was recovered during Wayne's Treaty in 1795.

DINAH Slave of Captain John Dunkin. She was returned from captivity during Wayne's Treaty of 1795.

BETTY (BESS) Slave of Agnes Laforce. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

SCIPIO (SIPPIO) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Simon Girty an Indian interpreter.

JAMES (TIM) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Philip Le Duc an Indian interpreter.

ISHMAEL (ISHNER) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Philip Le Duc.

STEPHEN Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Captain Duncan Graham.

JOSEPH (JOE) Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Betty. After capture he was taken into possession of Captain Matthew Elliott.

KIJAH (KEGGY) Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Betty. After capture she was taken into possession of Captain Matthew Elliott.

HANNAH Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Betty. After capture she was taken into possession of Frederick Fisher.

KANDIS (CANDIS) Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of Captain Alexander McKee.

This interview is from a microfilm copy found in the "Draper Manuscript Collection". The original manuscript is owned and housed by The State Historical Society of Wisconsin. The interview was taken by Lyman C. Draper between 6 Jul and 30 Oct 1863 and can be found in Series S, Volume 17, pp 281-2. The Draper Collection is contained on 116 rolls of microfilm and is a collection of historical materials, documents and personal interviews covering American History from 1740-1891 by Lyman C. Draper (1815-1891).

INTERVIEW OF RACHEL RENO by LYMAN C. DRAPER

"And now RACHEL RENO-now over 86 years old - an African woman, born in BLUE JACKET'S TOWN near Bellefontaine, her mother having been captured in Kentucky by the Shawanoes, - having early went to live with the Col. Alex McKEE family a little below Sandwich, Canada : Col. McKEE often spent some of his winters on the river Thames, he had many pet animals including deer; a pet deer hooked and gored him in the leg and he died of Lockjaw. He left one or two sons and Mrs. McKEE, part Indian, Col. McKEE having a Shawanoe wife.

SIMON GIRTY was good to prisoners - often saved them - having got cut and hacked over the head in forcibly rescuing them.

BLUE JACKET lived and died near Br ... was a good Indian, had a son named GEORGE BLUE JACKET.

RACHEL RENO said of her own accord that SIMON KENTON'S Indian name was Cut-Ta-Ho-Tha which meant to be "blackened" or "condemned man" prepared for burning at the stake.

Notes: Bellefontaine is located in Logan County, OH, Shawanoes are often referred to as Shawnees, Col. Alex McKEE was a British Loyalist and Indian Agent, Simon GRITTY and Simon KENTON were Frontiersmen and Pioneers who helped in the settlement of Kentucky and what later became the Northwest Territory. George BLUE JACKET is reputed to have attended a school run by Indian Agent Col. Johnston, near Piqua, OH in Miami County.

If Rachel was over 86 years of age in 1863, she would have been born ca 1777. We believe her mother was a slave named Candis and was owned by the family of Rene LaForce, a French Huguenot, who migrated from Goochland County, VA into Kentucky. There is an account of LaForce's two daughters and a slave girl being captured in a raid of Shawanoes, supposedly led by a Capt. Alex McKEE, with the daughters and the slave girl going to Canada with McKEE.

JOB Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Hannah. After capture he was taken into possession of Jacques Duperon Baby an Indian interpreter.

GRACE Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

RACHEL Slave of Agnes Laforce and daughter of Hannah. After capture she was taken into possession of the Indians.

PATRICK Slave of Agnes Laforce and son of Hannah. After capture he was taken into possession of the Indians.

ESTHER Slave taken at Martin's Station and taken into possession of Captain Henry Bird. In 1791 she and her son were later given to William Lee for his services in clearing 16 acres of land for Captain Bird.